npmjs.com

npm-config

More than you probably want to know about npm configuration

Description

npm gets its configuration values from the following sources, sorted by priority:

Command Line Flags

Putting --foo bar on the command line sets the foo configuration parameter to "bar". A -- argument tells the cli parser to stop reading flags. A --flag parameter that is at the end of the command will be given the value of true.

Environment Variables

Any environment variables that start with npm_config_ will be interpreted as a configuration parameter. For example, putting npm_config_foo=bar in your environment will set the foo configuration parameter to bar. Any environment configurations that are not given a value will be given the value of true. Config values are case-insensitive, so NPM_CONFIG_FOO=bar will work the same.

npmrc Files

The four relevant files are:

See npmrc for more details.

Default Configs

Run npm config ls -l to see a set of configuration parameters that are internal to npm, and are defaults if nothing else is specified.

Shorthands and Other CLI Niceties

The following shorthands are parsed on the command-line:

If the specified configuration param resolves unambiguously to a known configuration parameter, then it is expanded to that configuration parameter. For example:

npm ls --par
# same as:
npm ls --parseable

If multiple single-character shorthands are strung together, and the resulting combination is unambiguously not some other configuration param, then it is expanded to its various component pieces. For example:

npm ls -gpld
# same as:
npm ls --global --parseable --long --loglevel info

Per-Package Config Settings

When running scripts (see npm-scripts) the package.json "config" keys are overwritten in the environment if there is a config param of <name>[@<version>]:<key>. For example, if the package.json has this:

{ "name" : "foo"
, "config" : { "port" : "8080" }
, "scripts" : { "start" : "node server.js" } }

and the server.js is this:

http.createServer(...).listen(process.env.npm_package_config_port)

then the user could change the behavior by doing:

npm config set foo:port 80

See package.json for more information.

Config Settings

access

When publishing scoped packages, the access level defaults to restricted. If you want your scoped package to be publicly viewable (and installable) set --access=public. The only valid values for access are public and restricted. Unscoped packages always have an access level of public.

always-auth

Force npm to always require authentication when accessing the registry, even for GET requests.

also

When "dev" or "development" and running local npm shrinkwrap, npm outdated, or npm update, is an alias for --dev.

bin-links

Tells npm to create symlinks (or .cmd shims on Windows) for package executables.

Set to false to have it not do this. This can be used to work around the fact that some file systems don't support symlinks, even on ostensibly Unix systems.

browser

The browser that is called by the npm docs command to open websites.

ca

The Certificate Authority signing certificate that is trusted for SSL connections to the registry. Values should be in PEM format with newlines replaced by the string "\n". For example:

ca="-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----\nXXXX\nXXXX\n-----END CERTIFICATE-----"

Set to null to only allow "known" registrars, or to a specific CA cert to trust only that specific signing authority.

Multiple CAs can be trusted by specifying an array of certificates:

ca[]="..."
ca[]="..."

See also the strict-ssl config.

cafile

A path to a file containing one or multiple Certificate Authority signing certificates. Similar to the ca setting, but allows for multiple CA's, as well as for the CA information to be stored in a file on disk.

cache

The location of npm's cache directory. See npm-cache

cache-lock-stale

The number of ms before cache folder lockfiles are considered stale.

cache-lock-retries

Number of times to retry to acquire a lock on cache folder lockfiles.

cache-lock-wait

Number of ms to wait for cache lock files to expire.

cache-max

The maximum time (in seconds) to keep items in the registry cache before re-checking against the registry.

Note that no purging is done unless the npm cache clean command is explicitly used, and that only GET requests use the cache.

cache-min

The minimum time (in seconds) to keep items in the registry cache before re-checking against the registry.

Note that no purging is done unless the npm cache clean command is explicitly used, and that only GET requests use the cache.

cert

A client certificate to pass when accessing the registry.

color

If false, never shows colors. If "always" then always shows colors. If true, then only prints color codes for tty file descriptors.

depth

The depth to go when recursing directories for npm ls, npm cache ls, and npm outdated.

For npm outdated, a setting of Infinity will be treated as 0 since that gives more useful information. To show the outdated status of all packages and dependents, use a large integer value, e.g., npm outdated --depth 9999

description

Show the description in npm search

dev

Install dev-dependencies along with packages.

Note that dev-dependencies are also installed if the npat flag is set.

dry-run

Indicates that you don't want npm to make any changes and that it should only report what it would have done. This can be passed into any of the commands that modify your local installation, eg, install, update, dedupe, uninstall. This is NOT currently honored by network related commands, eg dist-tags, owner, publish, etc.

editor

The command to run for npm edit or npm config edit.

engine-strict

If set to true, then npm will stubbornly refuse to install (or even consider installing) any package that claims to not be compatible with the current Node.js version.

force

Makes various commands more forceful.

fetch-retries

The "retries" config for the retry module to use when fetching packages from the registry.

fetch-retry-factor

The "factor" config for the retry module to use when fetching packages.

fetch-retry-mintimeout

The "minTimeout" config for the retry module to use when fetching packages.

fetch-retry-maxtimeout

The "maxTimeout" config for the retry module to use when fetching packages.

git

The command to use for git commands. If git is installed on the computer, but is not in the PATH, then set this to the full path to the git binary.

git-tag-version

Tag the commit when using the npm version command.

global

Operates in "global" mode, so that packages are installed into the prefix folder instead of the current working directory. See npm-folders for more on the differences in behavior.

globalconfig

The config file to read for global config options.

global-style

Causes npm to install the package into your local node_modules folder with the same layout it uses with the global node_modules folder. Only your direct dependencies will show in node_modules and everything they depend on will be flattened in their node_modules folders. This obviously will elminate some deduping. If used with legacy-bundling, legacy-bundling will be preferred.

group

The group to use when running package scripts in global mode as the root user.

heading

The string that starts all the debugging log output.

https-proxy

A proxy to use for outgoing https requests. If the HTTPS_PROXY or https_proxy or HTTP_PROXY or http_proxy environment variables are set, proxy settings will be honored by the underlying request library.

if-present

If true, npm will not exit with an error code when run-script is invoked for a script that isn't defined in the scripts section of package.json. This option can be used when it's desirable to optionally run a script when it's present and fail if the script fails. This is useful, for example, when running scripts that may only apply for some builds in an otherwise generic CI setup.

ignore-scripts

If true, npm does not run scripts specified in package.json files.

init-module

A module that will be loaded by the npm init command. See the documentation for the init-package-json module for more information, or npm-init.

init-author-name

The value npm init should use by default for the package author's name.

init-author-email

The value npm init should use by default for the package author's email.

init-author-url

The value npm init should use by default for the package author's homepage.

init-license

The value npm init should use by default for the package license.

init-version

The value that npm init should use by default for the package version number, if not already set in package.json.

json

Whether or not to output JSON data, rather than the normal output.

This feature is currently experimental, and the output data structures for many commands is either not implemented in JSON yet, or subject to change. Only the output from npm ls --json is currently valid.

key

A client key to pass when accessing the registry.

legacy-bundling

Causes npm to install the package such that versions of npm prior to 1.4, such as the one included with node 0.8, can install the package. This eliminates all automatic deduping. If used with global-style this option will be preferred.

link

If true, then local installs will link if there is a suitable globally installed package.

Note that this means that local installs can cause things to be installed into the global space at the same time. The link is only done if one of the two conditions are met:

local-address

The IP address of the local interface to use when making connections to the npm registry. Must be IPv4 in versions of Node prior to 0.12.

loglevel

What level of logs to report. On failure, all logs are written to npm-debug.log in the current working directory.

Any logs of a higher level than the setting are shown. The default is "warn", which shows warn and error output.

logstream

This is the stream that is passed to the npmlog module at run time.

It cannot be set from the command line, but if you are using npm programmatically, you may wish to send logs to somewhere other than stderr.

If the color config is set to true, then this stream will receive colored output if it is a TTY.

long

Show extended information in npm ls and npm search.

message

Commit message which is used by npm version when creating version commit.

Any "%s" in the message will be replaced with the version number.

node-version

The node version to use when checking a package's engines map.

npat

Run tests on installation.

onload-script

A node module to require() when npm loads. Useful for programmatic usage.

only

When "dev" or "development" and running local npm install without any arguments, only devDependencies (and their dependencies) are installed.

When "dev" or "development" and running local npm ls, npm outdated, or npm update, is an alias for --dev.

When "prod" or "production" and running local npm install without any arguments, only non-devDependencies (and their dependencies) are installed.

When "prod" or "production" and running local npm ls, npm outdated, or npm update, is an alias for --production.

optional

Attempt to install packages in the optionalDependencies object. Note that if these packages fail to install, the overall installation process is not aborted.

parseable

Output parseable results from commands that write to standard output.

prefix

The location to install global items. If set on the command line, then it forces non-global commands to run in the specified folder.

production

Set to true to run in "production" mode.

  1. devDependencies are not installed at the topmost level when running local npm install without any arguments.
  2. Set the NODE_ENV="production" for lifecycle scripts.

progress

When set to true, npm will display a progress bar during time intensive operations, if process.stderr is a TTY.

Set to false to suppress the progress bar.

proprietary-attribs

Whether or not to include proprietary extended attributes in the tarballs created by npm.

Unless you are expecting to unpack package tarballs with something other than npm -- particularly a very outdated tar implementation -- leave this as true.

proxy

A proxy to use for outgoing http requests. If the HTTP_PROXY or http_proxy environment variables are set, proxy settings will be honored by the underlying request library.

rebuild-bundle

Rebuild bundled dependencies after installation.

registry

The base URL of the npm package registry.

rollback

Remove failed installs.

save

Save installed packages to a package.json file as dependencies.

When used with the npm rm command, it removes it from the dependencies object.

Only works if there is already a package.json file present.

save-bundle

If a package would be saved at install time by the use of --save, --save-dev, or --save-optional, then also put it in the bundleDependencies list.

When used with the npm rm command, it removes it from the bundledDependencies list.

save-dev

Save installed packages to a package.json file as devDependencies.

When used with the npm rm command, it removes it from the devDependencies object.

Only works if there is already a package.json file present.

save-exact

Dependencies saved to package.json using --save, --save-dev or --save-optional will be configured with an exact version rather than using npm's default semver range operator.

save-optional

Save installed packages to a package.json file as optionalDependencies.

When used with the npm rm command, it removes it from the devDependencies object.

Only works if there is already a package.json file present.

save-prefix

Configure how versions of packages installed to a package.json file via --save or --save-dev get prefixed.

For example if a package has version 1.2.3, by default its version is set to ^1.2.3 which allows minor upgrades for that package, but after npm config set save-prefix='~' it would be set to ~1.2.3 which only allows patch upgrades.

scope

Associate an operation with a scope for a scoped registry. Useful when logging in to a private registry for the first time: npm login --scope=@organization --registry=registry.organization.com, which will cause @organization to be mapped to the registry for future installation of packages specified according to the pattern @organization/package.

searchopts

Space-separated options that are always passed to search.

searchexclude

Space-separated options that limit the results from search.

searchsort

Indication of which field to sort search results by. Prefix with a - character to indicate reverse sort.

shell

The shell to run for the npm explore command.

shrinkwrap

If set to false, then ignore npm-shrinkwrap.json files when installing.

sign-git-tag

If set to true, then the npm version command will tag the version using -s to add a signature.

Note that git requires you to have set up GPG keys in your git configs for this to work properly.

strict-ssl

Whether or not to do SSL key validation when making requests to the registry via https.

See also the ca config.

tag

If you ask npm to install a package and don't tell it a specific version, then it will install the specified tag.

Also the tag that is added to the package@version specified by the npm tag command, if no explicit tag is given.

tag-version-prefix

If set, alters the prefix used when tagging a new version when performing a version increment using npm-version. To remove the prefix altogether, set it to the empty string: "".

Because other tools may rely on the convention that npm version tags look like v1.0.0, only use this property if it is absolutely necessary. In particular, use care when overriding this setting for public packages.

tmp

Where to store temporary files and folders. All temp files are deleted on success, but left behind on failure for forensic purposes.

unicode

When set to true, npm uses unicode characters in the tree output. When false, it uses ascii characters to draw trees.

unsafe-perm

Set to true to suppress the UID/GID switching when running package scripts. If set explicitly to false, then installing as a non-root user will fail.

usage

Set to show short usage output (like the -H output) instead of complete help when doing npm-help.

user

The UID to set to when running package scripts as root.

userconfig

The location of user-level configuration settings.

umask

The "umask" value to use when setting the file creation mode on files and folders.

Folders and executables are given a mode which is 0777 masked against this value. Other files are given a mode which is 0666 masked against this value. Thus, the defaults are 0755 and 0644 respectively.

user-agent

Sets a User-Agent to the request header

version

If true, output the npm version and exit successfully.

Only relevant when specified explicitly on the command line.

versions

If true, output the npm version as well as node's process.versions map, and exit successfully.

Only relevant when specified explicitly on the command line.

viewer

The program to use to view help content.

Set to "browser" to view html help content in the default web browser.

See Also

Last modified January 21, 2016           Found a typo? Send a pull request!

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