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npm-diff

The registry diff command

Synopsis

npm diff [...<paths>]
npm diff --diff=<pkg-name> [...<paths>]
npm diff --diff=<version-a> [--diff=<version-b>] [...<paths>]
npm diff --diff=<spec-a> [--diff=<spec-b>] [...<paths>]
npm diff [--diff-ignore-all-space] [--diff-name-only] [...<paths>]

Description

Similar to its git diff counterpart, this command will print diff patches of files for packages published to the npm registry.

  • npm diff --diff=<spec-a> --diff=<spec-b>

    Compares two package versions using their registry specifiers, e.g: npm diff --diff=pkg@1.0.0 --diff=pkg@^2.0.0. It's also possible to compare across forks of any package, e.g: npm diff --diff=pkg@1.0.0 --diff=pkg-fork@1.0.0.

    Any valid spec can be used, so that it's also possible to compare directories or git repositories, e.g: npm diff --diff=pkg@latest --diff=./packages/pkg

    Here's an example comparing two different versions of a package named abbrev from the registry:

    npm diff --diff=abbrev@1.1.0 --diff=abbrev@1.1.1

    On success, output looks like:

    diff --git a/package.json b/package.json
    index v1.1.0..v1.1.1 100644
    --- a/package.json
    +++ b/package.json
    @@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
    {
    "name": "abbrev",
    - "version": "1.1.0",
    + "version": "1.1.1",
    "description": "Like ruby's abbrev module, but in js",
    "author": "Isaac Z. Schlueter <i@izs.me>",
    "main": "abbrev.js",

    Given the flexible nature of npm specs, you can also target local directories or git repos just like when using npm install:

    npm diff --diff=https://github.com/npm/libnpmdiff --diff=./local-path

    In the example above we can compare the contents from the package installed from the git repo at github.com/npm/libnpmdiff with the contents of the ./local-path that contains a valid package, such as a modified copy of the original.

  • npm diff (in a package directory, no arguments):

    If the package is published to the registry, npm diff will fetch the tarball version tagged as latest (this value can be configured using the tag option) and proceed to compare the contents of files present in that tarball, with the current files in your local file system.

    This workflow provides a handy way for package authors to see what package-tracked files have been changed in comparison with the latest published version of that package.

  • npm diff --diff=<pkg-name> (in a package directory):

    When using a single package name (with no version or tag specifier) as an argument, npm diff will work in a similar way to npm-outdated and reach for the registry to figure out what current published version of the package named <pkg-name> will satisfy its dependent declared semver-range. Once that specific version is known npm diff will print diff patches comparing the current version of <pkg-name> found in the local file system with that specific version returned by the registry.

    Given a package named abbrev that is currently installed:

    npm diff --diff=abbrev

    That will request from the registry its most up to date version and will print a diff output comparing the currently installed version to this newer one if the version numbers are not the same.

  • npm diff --diff=<spec-a> (in a package directory):

    Similar to using only a single package name, it's also possible to declare a full registry specifier version if you wish to compare the local version of an installed package with the specific version/tag/semver-range provided in <spec-a>.

    An example: assuming pkg@1.0.0 is installed in the current node_modules folder, running:

    npm diff --diff=pkg@2.0.0

    It will effectively be an alias to npm diff --diff=pkg@1.0.0 --diff=pkg@2.0.0.

  • npm diff --diff=<semver-a> [--diff=<semver-b>] (in a package directory):

    Using npm diff along with semver-valid version numbers is a shorthand to compare different versions of the current package.

    It needs to be run from a package directory, such that for a package named pkg running npm diff --diff=1.0.0 --diff=1.0.1 is the same as running npm diff --diff=pkg@1.0.0 --diff=pkg@1.0.1.

    If only a single argument <version-a> is provided, then the current local file system is going to be compared against that version.

    Here's an example comparing two specific versions (published to the configured registry) of the current project directory:

    npm diff --diff=1.0.0 --diff=1.1.0

Note that tag names are not valid --diff argument values, if you wish to compare to a published tag, you must use the pkg@tagname syntax.

Filtering files

It's possible to also specify positional arguments using file names or globs pattern matching in order to limit the result of diff patches to only a subset of files for a given package, e.g:

npm diff --diff=pkg@2 ./lib/ CHANGELOG.md

In the example above the diff output is only going to print contents of files located within the folder ./lib/ and changed lines of code within the CHANGELOG.md file.

Configuration

diff

  • Type: Array
  • Default: null

Defines npm package specifiers to compare using the npm diff command.

This can be specified up to 2 times.

diff-name-only

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

When set to true running npm diff only returns the names of the files that have any difference.

diff-unified

  • Type: Number
  • Default: 3

The number of lines of context to print in the unified diff format output.

diff-ignore-all-space

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

Ignore whitespace when comparing lines. This ignores differences even if one line has whitespace where the other line has none.

diff-no-prefix

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

Do not show any source or destination prefix.

diff-src-prefix

  • Type: String
  • Default: "a/"

Show the given source prefix in diff patches headers instead of using "a/".

diff-dst-prefix

  • Type: String
  • Default: "b/"

Show the given source prefix in diff patches headers instead of using "b/".

diff-text

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false

Treat all files as text.

global

  • Default: false
  • Type: Boolean

Uses packages from the global space as a source for comparison.

tag

  • Type: String
  • Default: "latest"

The tag used to fetch the tarball that will be compared with the local file system files when running npm diff with no arguments.

See Also