Generating provenance statements

You can generate provenance statements for the packages you publish. This allows you to publicly establish where a package was built and who published a package, which can increase supply-chain security for your packages.

About npm provenance

npm provenance includes two types of attestations:

  • Provenance attestation
  • Publish attestation

The provenance attestation is established by publicly providing a link to a package's source code and build instructions from the build environment. This allows developers to verify where and how your package was built before they download it.

Publish attestations are generated by the registry when a package is published by an authorized user. When an npm package is published with provenance, it is signed by Sigstore public good servers and logged in a public transparency ledger, where users can view this information.

About Sigstore

Sigstore is a collection of tools and services aimed at making it easy to use short-lived, ephemeral certificates to sign software. Its three main components are a CLI tool, a certificate authority, and a time-stamping transparency log.

The certificate authority federates with any OIDC provider that includes verifiable build information. It acts as an intermediary between build systems and package registries by verifying the integrity of the OIDC token, issues a signing certificate that contains that build information, and then logging the signing certificate to an immutable ledger.

The transparency log service provides a public, verifiable, tamper-evident ledger of signed attestations. This ensures transparency of the public service, as well as providing a way to detect attempts to tamper with a package if a package registry were to be compromised.

Provenance limitations

  • In order to publish a package with provenance, you must build your package with a supported cloud CI/CD provider using a cloud-hosted runner. Today this includes GitHub Actions, and we are collaborating with additional providers to expand support. For more information on how to establish provenance using GitHub Actions, see "Publishing packages with provenance via GitHub Actions."
  • When a package in the npm registry has established provenance, it does not guarantee the package has no malicious code. Instead, npm provenance provides a verifiable link to the package's source code and build instructions, which developers can then audit and determine whether to trust it or not. For more information, see "Searching for and choosing packages to download."


Before you can publish your packages with provenance, you must:

Publishing packages with provenance via GitHub Actions

In order to establish provenance, you must use a supported cloud CI/CD provider and a cloud-hosted runner to publish your packages. GitHub Actions is a supported CI/CD platform that allows you to automate software development tasks. For more information, see GitHub Actions in the GitHub documentation.

To update your GitHub Actions workflow to publish your packages with provenance, you must:

  • Give permission to mint an ID-token:

    id-token: write
  • Run on a GitHub-hosted runner:

    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
  • Add the --provenance flag to your publish command:

    npm publish --provenance

Example GitHub Actions workflow

This example workflow publishes a package to the npm registry with provenance.

name: Publish Package to npmjs
types: [created]
runs-on: ubuntu-latest
contents: read
id-token: write
- uses: actions/checkout@v3
- uses: actions/setup-node@v3
node-version: '18.x'
registry-url: ''
- run: npm install -g npm
- run: npm ci
- run: npm publish --provenance --access public

Using third-party package publishing tools

If you publish your packages with tools that do not directly invoke the npm publish command, you can do one of the following in your GitHub Actions workflow to publish your packages with provenance.

  • Configure environment variables: In your GitHub Actions workflow, you can use an environment variable called NPM_CONFIG_PROVENANCE, and set it to true.
  • Configure your package.json file: You can add a publishConfig block to your package.json file:
    "publishConfig": {
    "provenance": true
  • Add an .npmrc file: You can add an .npmrc file to your project with the following entry:

Note: At this time, yarn is not a supported tool for publishing your packages with provenance.